Hydrocylones unit are utilize centrifugal force to separating solids from liquids. Solids are forced to the wall of the cone and exit through the bottom; cleaned fluids exit from the top.
Cyclone, A liquid-solids separation device which utilizes centrifugal force to speed up settling. Drilling fluid is pumped tangentially into a cone and the rotation of the fluid provides centrifugal force to separate particles by mass weight – the heavier solids being separated from the light solids and liquid.
A hydrocyclone which main part of desander and desilter is a device used to sort, classify, and separate a liquid suspension(solids) system into solids and liquid. Hydrocyclones have a wide variety of applications in many industries, particularly in oilfield application processing. The hydrocyclone is a continuously operating classification device with no moving parts. It utilizes fluid pressure to cause rotational forces that accelerate the settling of particles according to their size, shape and density.
Hydrocyclones, commonly referred to as cyclones, have been extensively utilized in the classification of particles in comminution circuits. The practical range of classification for cyclones is 15 microns to 400 microns. Cyclones are used in secondary equipment of mud separating circuits as well as mud cleaner or desander.