The process of drilling oil and gas wells uses a rotary drill bit that is lubricated by drilling fluids or muds. Drilling mud is used to control subsurface pressures, lubricate the drill bit, stabilize the well bore, and carry the cuttings to the surface, among other functions.
Drilling fluid cleaners were equipment of solids control, also called mud cleaner or mud conditioner, etc.. Drilling fluid cleaner was evolved in the early 1970s to remove fine drilled solids from medium weighted mud without excessive loss of barite and fluid. It is also proved valuable tools in drilling loop closed systems and other applications (dispersed weighted). Drilling fluid cleaner use a combination of desander and/or desilter hydrocyclones and very fine mesh vibrating screens (120~400 mesh) to remove fine drilled solids while returning valuable mud additives and liquids back to the active mud system.
The drilling fluid circulating system is like a close loop electric circuit through which drilling fluid (i.e. mud) can travel from surface to all the way down hole and back to its initial point (i.e. mud pit).
Proper application and utilization of mechanical solids control equipment enables the driller to maintain the desired drilling fluid properties which in turn makes it possible for the drilling operation to be carried out in an efficient and possible for the drilling operation to be carried out in an efficient and economical manner.