Much of the drilling in unconventional resource plays occurs in unstable shales, which are usually fractured and can be easily destabilized. Successful drilling through them can be difficult at best, and many high-angled holes in these plays are often lost due to mechanical instability. This paper looks at the drilling problems of shale gas drilling from the theoretical perspective of Wellbore Pressure Management, (WPM) and keys in on the effects of Equivalent Circulating Density (ECD) while drilling and on the effects of Equivalent Static Density (ESD) when there is no circulation.
Functions of drilling fluid
MUD WEIGHT OR DENSITY TEST:
Consideration must be given to the effects of the presence of drilled solids and barite on different types of drilling fluids: water-based and nonaqueous fluids (NAFs), unweighted and weighted.