A mud/gas separator (poor boy degasser) sizing worksheet will assist drilling personnel with the sizing calculations. The worksheet provides a quick and easy evaluation of most mud/gas separators for a specific well application. A brief discussion of other mud/gas separator considerations is provided, including separator components, testing, materials, and oil-based-mud considerations. This paper reviews and analyzes existing mud/gas separator technology and recommends separator configuration, components, design considerations, and a sizing procedure. A simple method of evaluating mud/gas separation within the separator vessel has been developed as a basis for the sizing procedure.
Vaccum Degasser Design Concept Formulation
The new Vaccum Degasser design was formulated from basic principles used in the chemical processing industry. Standard chemical engineering principles that apply to the design of packed towers were the basis for this new design. These principles deal with efficient phase disengagement to provide’ effective gas absorption or gas strip-ping. Specifically, in the top inlet section of a typical packed tower, the overriding operating principles are effective gas/liquid phase disengagement and uniform inlet liquid distribution over the entire tower cross-sectional area.
This section provides additional thoughts and considerations concerning solids-control equipment. The practical operational guidelines for equipment discussed here may not apply to all drilling applications. These guidelines (in italics) were developed as part of API RP 13C. The discussion beneath each captures some of the comments by committee members as they debated the guideline before approval.
Hoppers, mud guns, desanders, desilters, degassers, and triplex pumps requiring supercharging all have one thing in common: they require 76–80 feet of inlet head to operate as designed. Exceptions do exist, and the equipment manufacturer should be consulted. This simplifies the job of sizing centrifugal pumps. Since most applications in drilling systems require 80 feet of head at the inlet of the equipment, knowledge of volume needed by each piece of equipment is required. Following are standard flow rates when equipment has an 80-foot inlet head: